The Types of Water Damage

The impact flooding can have on your home or building can greatly vary based on the class and category of water damage you have. And so can the restoration techniques we use to address the situation. In fact, determining the categories and classes of water damage is the first step in our assessment of the issue and can help us decide which steps to take next. So how severe is your water damage?

Classes of Water Damage

The classes of water damage are broken down based on the evaporation rate, the room, and the affected material. They are typically used to help us determine the proper equipment to dry your space and include:

Class one occurs when the water evaporates slowly, typically only impacts parts of a room, and is minimally absorbed by the materials in your space.

Class two contains water that evaporates more quickly and can often impact carpets or upholstery in an entire room. However, water rarely goes up the wall in situations like these—and never far if it does.

Class three is the fastest rate of evaporation and is typically used to classify events where water is coming in from above and impacting the entire area from top-to-bottom.

Class four is used when special drying methods are needed to repair a space. This can occur when you have materials with very low porosity—like hardwood floors or crawlspaces—that require very specific humidity levels to dry.

Water Damage Categories

Water damage categories are then used to determine what kind of threat the water poses to your health and safety so that it can be properly and completely removed.

Category one is used in cases where the water is more or less clean and poses no threat to your health or safety. So if your sink overflows or your water supply lines break, you won’t have to worry about being in danger in your home or building.

Category two refers to more harmful water sources, known as grey water, that are contaminated and can trigger sickness in building occupants. Be careful and seek assistance immediately if flooding has occurred in your space due to problems with broken toilet bowls (containing only urine), sump pump failures, and overflowing dishwashers. If not treated immediately (we recommend between one and two days), grey water can turn into black water, which is even more dangerous to your family or building occupants.

Category three is often called black water, also known as wastewater because it is extremely unhygienic and unhealthy. It often stems from sewage-related damage and can contain harmful bacteria and fungi. It is critical to stay clear of any sewer water in your home or building and to call for assistance before occupying the space in order to prevent health problems.

Get Help Now!

If you have water damage in your Washington, DC area home or building, Tri State Restorations can help you properly repair your space before the water damage category grows worse. Schedule restoration today and let us help you stay safe and healthy in your space—contact us by calling 866-280-3073 or filling out our contact form. We’re in business and ready to answer your call 24 hours a day with an average 90-minute response time to help you deal with any crisis fast.